Law is the study of rules that govern the conduct of individuals and organizations. This body of knowledge spans virtually every aspect of human life, and is divided into three main areas: criminal law, civil procedure, and evidence law. Civil procedure deals with the rules and regulations of courts, while criminal law deals with the admissibility of evidence and materials in court.
Most laws are based on a framed statute that authorizes agencies to develop detailed rules and convey these rules to the public. This approach is in contrast to the Rule of Law model, which envisaged a simpler system of communication. In contrast, modern law puts more weight on the insight of judges and general principles, and draws inspiration from the tradition of ancient legal doctrine.
In order to promote justice, the rule of law must be accessible to the public. The law should be a body of norms that citizens can study, internalize, and apply. Law should be a tool for settling disputes, and protecting people from abuse of power. Therefore, government officials should be accountable, and legal procedures should be free from bias.
The Rule of Law focuses on the rule of law, and the separation of powers. In other words, the Rule of Law envisions a society where law is a public good. A strong Rule of Law makes power less arbitrary, predictable, and peremptory. It also establishes a mutual relationship between people and governments, and asymmetry of power is mitigated.