News is information about current events that is transmitted to the public through newspapers, magazines, radio and television. It has to be obtained accurately, fast and presented in a way that is interesting and appeals to the audience. It should also be impartial and conform to ethical rules. A free press has been referred to as the oxygen of democracy and democracies depend on an informed citizenry for their survival.
A news article can be on any subject and is designed to arouse the interest of readers, listeners or viewers. It has to be brief so that it can catch attention, clear so that it is understood, picturesque to appeal to the imagination and above all accurate, if it is to be believed.
Some subjects that attract the attention of audiences include famous people and their lifestyles, health – including traditional remedies, hospital and clinic reports and diseases, diet and exercise; and sex, although some societies may not like to admit it. Stories about animals, the weather and human drama, especially when they involve conflict or tragedy, are also considered newsworthy.
Hard news is what usually makes it to the front page of a newspaper, the top of a Web site or the start of a TV broadcast. It is often political, military or economic in nature and has a significant impact on the lives of many people. It is important to note, however, that news organizations do not necessarily share the same criteria for deciding what is and what is not newsworthy.