Technology is the application of scientific knowledge to the practical aims of human life or, as it may be phrased, to the change and manipulation of the environment. The outcomes of technological discoveries and achievements are impressive but, as with a hammer that can drive a nail or break a window, it’s ultimately the people who decide what to do with technology that make it useful or not.
Technology involves using computer systems and telecommunications for the purpose of transmitting information. In education, this includes applications like online grading systems that allow teachers to post assignments and keep lines of communication open with students. This also includes educational apps that students can use to review or practice material.
Artificial intelligence, or AI, involves the use of computer systems to simulate human intelligence. This is accomplished by making them act more intuitively than humans would in certain situations. This is done through a process of continuous improvement, which is to say that scientists are constantly working to make AI as close as possible to human intelligence.
The field of science is based on principles and aims to discover enduring relationships between elements of the universe. In contrast, technology is more about finding a low-resistance path to a desired outcome. It’s because of this that, while it may be tempting to think of technology as a tool for solving problems, in reality the technologist must decide what sort of problem it should solve and what kind of outcome is desirable before any such tools can be created.